Thursday, June 21, 2018

5 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2018

Have you ever thought of getting a decent, stable and well-paying job without even needing a college degree? If that is the case with you, then learning the right programming languages could help you to actualise your dream. However, before knowing which programming language to learn, there are three things you will need to consider. The first thing is the time it would take for even an absolute beginner to go from just learning to build useful real-world apps and proceeding on to get a decent job.

The second thing is the job market. You virtually need to know the demand for the programming language on the job market and the average salary for developers with proficiency in that specific language. The third thing to consider is the productivity. The language should be able to help you bring your ideas to life quickly. In any case, companies always prefer hiring someone that is very productive regarding development as this saves them a lot of time and money on hiring outsiders. Below are the top five programming languages to learn in 2018:

1. Python

This is the best programming language you should learn if you want to succeed in computer programming this year. The reasons being, it is the most straightforward language to learn, it is also one of the most paid and one of the most popular programming languages today. In fact, most introductory programming courses are shifting to teaching python first because it is easier to learn. It can then be scaled to do other enormous things. 

Some of the websites that are primarily built with python include YouTube, Google, Reddit, Quora, hipmunk, Spotify among others. It is used in a range of applications including machine learning, to web development, creating apps, just to mention a few. Another significant advantage of this language is that you do not even need to install anything to run it. You could also run it online on web services like The average salary for python developers starts at $116,000 per year. 

2. JavaScript

This is a universal programming language that can run just about anywhere. The language is essential for building modern interactive websites. It is used in nearly all of the most popular websites including Facebook, Gmail, CNN, Amazon and many more. Its popularity can mainly be attributed to its ability to display content to users in a dynamic way. Another great thing is that JavaScript is built right into your browser and you can learn it right there without having to install anything on your computer. 

On the downside, this language is a bit difficult to learn and practice, an aspect that can be attributed to the fact that there are different options and many things you can do with it, which can be very confusing for beginners. Hence it would not be advisable to start with it when you are just beginning to learn to code. The average salary for JavaScript developers is at $110,000 per year.

3. Ruby on Rails

This is mostly the programming language Ruby that is combined with a web development framework. It is an ideal language for developing web applications quickly. For instance, you can use it to develop e-commerce stores and other apps. One great thing about Ruby on Rails is that it is simple and more straightforward to learn. In fact, when you look at its code, it almost feels like you are reading a book. 

However, having a good understanding of Ruby and JavaScript first will give you an upper hand when it comes to learning this language. In fact, the language has a lot of similarity with jQuery for JavaScript. The main reason why this particular programming language is excellent and famous is that most small as well as large businesses including Shopify, Twitter, Airbnb among others, are now using it. On average, a Ruby on Rails developer makes $74,000 per year. 

4. Swift

This programming language is primarily used for building native iOS apps that can work on iPads, iPods and iPhones. It is one of the newest yet fastest growing languages that should be learned by anyone who dreams of ever becoming an iOS App Developer. Swift is faster, more streamlined and easier to debug when compared to similar programming languages such as Objective-C. 

It has been built right from the ground up and optimised to match all realities of the modern iOS development, and it is bound to stick around for a long time considering iOS apps are not going anywhere soon since they are powerful and needed all over. The average developer salary stands at about $80,000 per year. The only problem is that it is a bit difficult to learn and get started with. 

5. Java

This is primarily an object-oriented language that has been around for decades and it is now being used in most companies. The greatest thing about it is that you can build native Android apps using this programming language. Some of the most popular carrier paths you can take after becoming proficient in Java include; a backend developer, an Android developer, a prominent data developer or an embedded systems developer. The average developer salary for this language starts at $74,000 per year. 

The only downside to Java is that the learning curve for a beginner is a bit steep compared to other languages. For instance, to write a very simple program, you will need to know a range of things such as compiling, classes, command lines, among others and it is not easy to run just anywhere on the web. 

Final Verdict

The best thing to all these is that if you want to learn to code, there are many tons of low-cost or absolutely free resources to get you started. While learning, you should understand that there are often rapid changes in computer programming with new technologies and tools being released each year. However, most of these programming languages are capable of staying on the top list for years without getting ousted. Learning a number of these languages will, therefore, put you in an excellent position to remain relevant to the job market for many years to come. 

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